Le Moine


Education and Bar Admission

  • Called to the Quebec Bar, 2014
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.), McGill University, 2020
  • Bachelor of Civil Law and Bachelor of Laws (B.C.L. / LL.B.), McGill University, 2012
  • Master’s in Political Philosophy, Centre de recherches politiques Raymond Aron, École des hautes études en sciences sociales, 2009
  • Bachelor of Arts in History, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2005

Areas of Practice

  • Art and cultural heritage law
  • Copyright law
  • Civil and commercial litigation
  • Professional and disciplinary law


François Le Moine holds degrees in Civil Law and Common Law from McGill University and was called to the Quebec Bar in 2014. He practices general commercial and civil litigation.

Moreover, François brings to the firm his expertise in matters related to art law, entertainment law, and intellectual property law. He advises a variety of clients within the cultural and visual arts community, and teaches art and cultural heritage law at the Université de Montréal.

François earned a Bachelor of Arts from the Sorbonne, a Master’s degree from the École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris, and a Master of Laws from McGill University. He has also studied at Keio University in Japan, Shantou University in China, the University of Copenhagen, and the University of Geneva. Prior to joining the firm, François completed his articles in a large Canadian law firm, and worked in entertainment law.

Relevant Experience

Represented eight museums (including the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal and the Art Gallery of Ontario) as well as the University of Toronto before the Federal Court of Appeal in a file pertaining to the interpretation of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act. The file had a financial impact amounting to tens of millions of dollars annually on Canadian cultural institutions’ acquisitions (Canada (Attorney General) c. Heffel Gallery Limited et al., 2019 FCA 82).

Represented Confederation College (Thunder Bay) in a dispute regarding the ownership of two stolen paintings.

Represented the succession of an internationally renowned artist regarding the authentication of his artwork and the issuance of certificates of authenticity.

Advised a museum with respect to a multi-jurisdictional dispute regarding the ownership of an ancient archaeological object.

Representation of artist Wartin Pantois regarding various matters related to public art.

Provided counsel in a litigation before the Court of Appeal of Quebec regarding the ownership of a stolen painting.  

Involved in the representation of one of the parties in the Supreme Court case Cinar Corporation v. Robinson.

Represented various cultural actors, including museums, art galleries, and those involved in publishing, public art, dance, and modelling.

Involved in the representation of one of the parties in a $127-million lawsuit filed against SNC-Lavalin regarding sums that were allegedly misappropriated in relation to construction projects in Libya.

Involved in the representation of the Chambre des notaires du Québec in obtaining Anton Piller, Mareva and Norwich orders against a former notary who had divested significant sums from his clients.

Involved in the representation of the Chambre des notaires du Québec in proceedings regarding the constitutionality of a section of the Code of Civil Procedure.

Involved in the representation of the Union Tank Car Company (UTCC), a subsidiary of the Berkshire Hathaway Group, in the restructuring of Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway following the Lac-Mégantic tragedy, which included a $430-million settlement of the class action instituted on behalf of the victims.


  • Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholarship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (2021-2024)
  • Doctoral scholarship, Fonds de recherche du Québec – Société et culture (2022-2025)
  • Grad Excellence Award (2020-2021)
  • Pilarczyk Graduate Award in Law, McGill University (2020)
  • Oppenheimer scholarship, McGill University (2020)
  • Heather Munroe-Blum Fellowship in Public Policy, McGill University (2019-2020 and 2020-2021)
  • Chief Justice R.A. Greenshields Memorial Scholarship for Graduate Studies, McGill University (2019-2020)
  • Research Scholarship, Fondation du Barreau du Québec (2017)
  • Katherine A. Pearson Scholarship, McGill University (2017)
  • Fraser Mann Fellowship, (Centre for Intellectual Property Policy, McGill University) (2017)
  • Wainwright Fellowship for Law, McGill University (2012)
  • Li Ka Shing Doctoral Fellowship, McGill University (2010)
  • Japan Student Service Organisation (JASSO) Scholarship, Government of Japan (2005-2006)
  • Major Scholarship, France’s Foreign Office (2004-2007)
  • Excellence scholarship, Agence pour l’enseignement du français à l’étranger (2002-2004)

Conferences and Publications

  • François Le Moine, “Noli me tangere : affiner le régime québécois d’immunité de saisie pour les objets culturels” in 65:4 McGill Law Journal 625.
  • François Le Moine, "Les faux en art, enjeux juridiques", conference presented jointly with Mtre. Jonathan Sommer before the Association des juristes pour l’avancement de la vie artistique (January 2021).
  • François Le Moine, “Chagall, Caillebotte, Carr et les tribulations de la Loi sur l’exportation et l’importation des biens culturels”, conference on the Cultural Property Export and Import Act presented at the Centre de recherche en droit public, Faculty of Law, Université de Montréal (November 2020).
    View the conference >
  • François Le Moine, “Droit, auteur et art public”, conference at the “Entre raison et ten-sion : L’art public à l’épreuve de la commémoration corrigée” colloquium, Culture Montréal (October 2019).
  • François Le Moine, “Artwork on Trial: Appeal of the Caillebotte Case”, presentation at the annual conference of the Canadian Art Museum Directors Organization (June 2019).
  • François Le Moine, “Interdiction de toucher aux œuvres ! Les saisies lors d’expositions au Québec”, lecture presented before the Association littéraire et artistique internationale (April 2019).
  • François Le Moine, “Copyright for Creative Entrepreneurs”, presentation at the La Charrette: Art + Tech event, District 3 Innovation Center, Concordia University (March 2019).
  • François Le Moine, “L’aliénation et les saisies en droit québécois et canadien”, lecture presented at “Restitution et aliénations”, Institut du patrimoine, Université du Québec à Montréal (January 2019).
  • François Le Moine, “Carthago defedenda est : Marché de l’art et numérique”, lecture presented at the “Le droit à l’épreuve du numérique” colloquium, Faculty of Law, Université de Montréal (May 2018).
  • François Le Moine, “Art, pillages et droit”, conference delivered at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in conjunction with the “Napoleon: Art and Court Life in the Imperial Palace” exhibition (April 2018).
  • Multiple presentations in art law and copyright to students in the fields of management, law, visual arts, music, art history, and museum studies (2015 to present).

Professional and Community Involvement

  • Sessional Lecturer at the Université de Montréal’s Faculty of Law, teaching courses entitled Droit international public avancé : droit des arts et du patrimoine culturel on protecting cultural heritage during times of war and of peace, restitution, controlling the black market, and economic crimes relating to works of art (2015 to present) and Fondements 2, on the theory and philosophy of law (2019 to present)
  • President, Association littéraire et artistique internationale – Canada (2021 to present)
  • Member of the Board of directors of the Regroupement des artistes en arts visuels (2020 to present)
  • Member of the Board of directors of Les Productions Porte Parole (2020 to present)
  • Associate researcher at the Chaire de recherche sur la gouvernance des musées et le droit de la culture (2019 to present)
  • Governor of the Future at the Fondation du Barreau du Québec (2019 to present)
  • Member of the Board of directors of the Association des juristes pour l’avancement de la vie artistique (2018-2020)
  • Member of Culture Montréal’s Commission permanente de l’art public (2017 to present)
  • Supervising lawyer at the Clinique internationale de défense des droits humains de l’Université du Québec à Montréal in a file regarding the dispossession of cultural objects in Sub-Saharan Africa during the colonial period and in a trial on the free access to courts before the European Court of Human Rights (2017 and 2018)
  • Sessional Lecturer at Carleton University, teaching courses entitled Transnational Law and Human Rights, on art law, the protection of cultural heritage, restitution of stolen works and control of the black market for antiquities (2013-2014), as well as Equality and Discrimination, on civil rights and equality law (2013)
  • Member of the Canadian Bar Association (2015 to present)